What do they look like? Sugar Gliders are native to Australia being a small marsupial that grows to 150 grams. They are about 40cms long from head to tail. They are covered in soft grey fur with a black stripe on their head. They have large eyes to suit their nocturnal lifestyle. They have a thin membrane that extends from their 5th finger to their ankle which allows them to glide between trees. They use their long bushy tail for stability.
Where do they live? The Sugar Gliders are found in the north and eastern parts of Australia as well as Tasmania. They live in colonies of up to 10 animals and shelter during the day in leafy nests made in deep tree hollows.
What do they eat? Sugar Gliders feed at night eating mainly insects, fruits, nectar and pollen. A favourite food is the sap of certain eucalypt species.
Behaviour: Gliders are nocturnal animals. Their gliding membrane allows them to volplane up to 70 meters from tree to tree. This gliding ability allows them to move around freely, rarely coming to the ground where they are most vulnerable.
Reproduction: During the breeding season females will produce one, but more often two, young which are carried in the pouch for the first 2-3 months of their life. Joeys will then stay in the nest until they are large enough to venture out on foraging excursions with their mother.
Threats: Sugar Glider populations have been greatly reduced due to clearing of land and the removal of large, mature trees with well-developed tree hollows. Domestic animals such as cats and dogs have also significantly affected the population, as has the introduction of feral animal species such as the fox.
Conservation Status: Vulnerable.