What do they look like? The Wedge-tailed Eagle is the largest bird of prey in Australia. Females are the largest of the species and can grow to 4.2kg with a wingspan of 2.3 metres. Adult birds are dark in colour and have an obvious wedge-shaped tail. They have a large curved beak and large talons which make exceptional hunting tools.
Where do they live? Wedge-tailed Eagles live in forests, woodlands, fields and the fringe of suburbia. They are common throughout mainland Australia but are considered threatened in Tasmania due to forest clearance.
What do they eat? Wedge-tailed eagles mainly prey on the introduced rabbits however they can take animals as large as kangaroos. Although they are powerful hunters they prefer to eat carrion and are often found feeding on road kill.
Behaviour: Wedge-tailed Eagles search for their food from above using their binocular vision. They can often be seen soaring high in the sky gaining up lift from thermal updraughts.
Reproduction: : This species pair for life once they reach sexual maturity at 6-7 years of age. During the breeding season of April through September the breeding pair will build a large nest of sticks and leaves in a tall tree or on a cliff-face. Only 1-2 eggs will be laid and cared for by both parents.
Threats: Unfortunately Wedge-tailed Eagles are considered pests by some farmers due to the potential threat of them taking young livestock. Although this species is protected throughout Australia many are killed each year.
Conservation Status: Wedge-tailed Eagles are considered common and widespread on the mainland. However they are threatened in Tasmania.