What do they look like? Specimens have been measured at more than 8.5 m in length, but this is quite exceptional, as 5.5 m specimens are already considered large. The body is relatively slim, unlike many other large members of this family. The specific name, amethistina, is an allusion to the milky iridescent sheen on its scales, which gives it an amethyst-like color.
Where do they live? Habitat occurs in both bushland and suburbia. In Indonesia and northern tropical Queensland, Australia, it is found mostly in rainforests. Warm, humid habitats with good water sources are preferred. In Australia the Scrub Python is found on some islands in the Torres Strait, the northern Cape York Peninsula south including the Atherton Tableland and the eastern foothills of the Great Dividing Range.
What do they eat? The diet generally consists of birds, fruit bats, rats, possums, and other small animals.
Behaviour: Largely nocturnal. Younger individuals are mainly arboreal, while large adults spend more time on the ground. Male amethystine pythons are aggressive towards one another during the mating season and will engage in combat.
Reproduction: Scrub pythons are egg layers and produce between 10 and 50 eggs in each clutch, which are laid in late spring or early summer. The female coils around the eggs to incubate them and will ‘shiver’ to produce extra heat if the eggs become too cold. Incubation lasts around 10-15 weeks.
Threats: Changes in land use, habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation of available habitat, altered fire regimes, predation by introduced pest animals (European Fox, Cat) (Cane Toads)and competition by pest plants (African Boxthorn, Bridal Creeper) and grazing pressure (rabbits, kangaroos, pigs) have contributed to the decline of this species.
Conservation Status: The scrub python is a vulnerable.