What do they look like? The magnificent Tree Frog, Litoria splendida, also commonly known as the Splendid Tree Frog, can grow from 88 to 104mm in length. The magnificent Tree Frog is a handsome species of frog, characterised by having a large gland upon the entire dorsal surface of the head. Its head and body are green and bear small, scattered sulphur-coloured patches. The backs of their thighs, limbs and groin are yellow or a brilliant orange and their fingers and toes have large discs. Their toes are webbed.
Where do they live? This particular frog species can be found in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, mostly towards the coastal areas. It is also found just over the border of Northern Territory. They live among rocky escarpments and are also often found in caves.
What do they eat? They are largely insectivorous, and eat moths, locusts, roaches and other insects.
Behaviour: During the day the Magnificent Tree Frog enters caves or crevices beneath boulders or around buildings. Their call resembles a series of low, deep barks.
Reproduction: Frogs lay eggs, usually in water against reeds or rocks where they will be hidden and protected. The eggs take about one to three days to hatch, and metamorphosis can occur in two to three weeks under good conditions.
Threats: In the late seventies and early eighties, scientists around the world noticed a sudden decline in the populations of frogs and other amphibians. At first, they thought these reductions were local variations and of little significance. It was only after the information was pooled that concern became widespread. In some cases the cause of the decline was obvious, such as drained breeding sites, changes in land use, acid rain, drought, salination and pesticides. Each of these elements has killed both frogs and tadpoles, and made it harder for frogs to breed.
Conservation Status: Vulnerable.